701 عدد المشاهدات
I ask a lot about the meaning of “Tawash” and about his craft called “tuwashah”. Tawash, in our dialect, is the merchant who sells pearls, and this name is not given to any other profession, except this one, as it is common in all Arabian Gulf countries.
Consequently, if you ask old men about the word origin, they cannot tell you anything save it was inherited from the old generations. They cannot be blamed for most of them do not know how to read and write. How can they be asked about the derivation of a word that was very famous at that time, such as Tawash, whom fishermen used to wait for to sell him what they had obtained from diving deep in the Arabian Gulf.
I say: at some point in time, vocabularies, idioms and proverbs spread, thereafter they become prevalent and understood by their users. Some vocabularies are very ancient; it is not known who coined them. A term or vocabulary that did not exist before, must be uttered by one person to spread, or it must be agreed upon by the courts of the caliphs, sultans or people of trades, commerce and science. After that it spreads and becomes well known. In this way, vocabulary and terms increase among people in any language around the world.
According to old dictionaries, tawsh means “imprudence” and “debt delaying and procrastination”. A pearl merchant might be called “imprudent” due to his frequent travels by sea in search for rare pearls. And he might be called “procrastinator” for procrastinating and not paying money to people who sold him pearls. However, one can object this interpretation asking “how can a merchant be imprudent?”.
Tawashi is a Turkish vocabulary that means a castrate servant; a common title in the time of the Turks and Mamluks in Egypt, that was given to close servants. Tawashi were carrying out many of the special tasks of kings and princes and some may become emir, the most famous of which was the famous Qaraqosh who was working in the service of the conqueror Salahuddin Ayubi .
Those tawashi used to control the money of the sultans, and enter their palaces; they were also close to palace women and had authority and money. This title may have spread over this region due to their travels to the Arabian Gulf, during the Mamluks era, to buy pearls for princesses. Then, when tawashi left and pearl trade was over in Egypt and other cities, the title was given to everyone who worked in the pearl trade.
The house of Ibn Luqman is the same….
Restriction remains and tawashi shouts..
Ibn Khaldun explains this verse saying: “in orient counties tawashi means castrate, and is often called servant”.
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